STAT(1)                         User Commands                        STAT(1)


stat – display file or file system status


stat [OPTION]… FILE…


Display file or file system status.

Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options

-L, –dereference
follow links

-f, –file-system
display file system status instead of file status

-c  –format=FORMAT
use the specified FORMAT instead of the default; output a
newline after each use of FORMAT

like –format, but interpret backslash escapes, and do not
output a mandatory trailing newline; if you want a newline,
include \n in FORMAT

-t, –terse
print the information in terse form

–help display this help and exit

output version information and exit

The valid format sequences for files (without –file-system):

%a     access rights in octal

%A     access rights in human readable form

%b     number of blocks allocated (see %B)

%B     the size in bytes of each block reported by %b

%C     SELinux security context string

%d     device number in decimal

%D     device number in hex

%f     raw mode in hex

%F     file type

%g     group ID of owner

%G     group name of owner

%h     number of hard links

%i     inode number

%m     mount point

%n     file name

%N     quoted file name with dereference if symbolic link

%o     optimal I/O transfer size hint

%s     total size, in bytes

%t     major device type in hex, for character/block device special

%T     minor device type in hex, for character/block device special

%u     user ID of owner

%U     user name of owner

%w     time of file birth, human-readable; – if unknown

%W     time of file birth, seconds since Epoch; 0 if unknown

%x     time of last access, human-readable

%X     time of last access, seconds since Epoch

%y     time of last data modification, human-readable

%Y     time of last data modification, seconds since Epoch

%z     time of last status change, human-readable

%Z     time of last status change, seconds since Epoch

Valid format sequences for file systems:

%a     free blocks available to non-superuser

%b     total data blocks in file system

%c     total file nodes in file system

%d     free file nodes in file system

%f     free blocks in file system

%i     file system ID in hex

%l     maximum length of filenames

%n     file name

%s     block size (for faster transfers)

%S     fundamental block size (for block counts)

%t     file system type in hex

%T     file system type in human readable form

NOTE: your shell may have its own version of stat, which usually
supersedes the version described here.  Please refer to your shell’s
documentation for details about the options it supports.

GNU coreutils online help: <>
Report stat translation bugs to <>


Written by Michael Meskes.


Copyright © 2014 Free Software Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+: GNU
GPL version 3 or later <>.
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.



The full documentation for stat is maintained as a Texinfo manual.
If the info and stat programs are properly installed at your site,
the command

info coreutils ‘stat invocation’

should give you access to the complete manual.


This page is part of the coreutils (basic file, shell and text
manipulation utilities) project.  Information about the project can
be found at ⟨⟩.  If you have a
bug report for this manual page, see
⟨⟩.  This page was obtained from
the tarball coreutils-8.23.tar.xz fetched from
⟨⟩ on 2014-12-30.  If you discover
any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page, or you
believe there is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or
you have corrections or improvements to the information in this
COLOPHON (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail
to [email protected]

GNU coreutils 8.23              December 2014                        STAT(1)


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