List information about the FILEs (the current directory by default). Sort entries alphabetically if none of -cftuvSUX nor –sort is specified.

Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.

-a, –all
do not ignore entries starting with .

-A, –almost-all
do not list implied . and ..

with -l, print the author of each file

-b, –escape
print C-style escapes for nongraphic characters

scale sizes by SIZE before printing them; e.g., ‘–block-size=M’ prints sizes in units of 1,048,576 bytes; see SIZE format below

-B, –ignore-backups
do not list implied entries ending with ~

-c with -lt: sort by, and show, ctime (time of last modification of file status information); with -l: show ctime and sort by name; otherwise: sort by ctime,
newest first

-C list entries by columns

colorize the output; WHEN can be ‘always’ (default if omitted), ‘auto’, or ‘never’; more info below

-d, –directory
list directories themselves, not their contents

-D, –dired
generate output designed for Emacs’ dired mode

-f do not sort, enable -aU, disable -ls –color

-F, –classify
append indicator (one of */=>@|) to entries

likewise, except do not append ‘*’

across -x, commas -m, horizontal -x, long -l, single-column -1, verbose -l, vertical -C

like -l –time-style=full-iso

-g like -l, but do not list owner

group directories before files;

can be augmented with a –sort option, but any use of –sort=none (-U) disables grouping


Jeg er en professionel system administrator og grundlægger af Jeg er en ivrig Linux-elsker og open source-entusiast. Jeg bruger Ubuntu og tror på at dele viden. Bortset fra Linux, elsker musik og dyr. Jeg er en stor fan af Dire straits.

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